Hidden from modern day knowledge…the real history of giants!
Basic Archeology most likely never focused on real giants of history. Jack and the beanstalk was a fable. These giants were very real and are the root of controversy and speculation that leads to a greater realm of mystery, much with supporting documentation and evidence and much more that needs attention to separate science fiction from science fact.
The mythology and legends of many different cultures include monsters of human appearance but prodigious size and strength. “Giant” is the English word (coined 1297) commonly used for such beings, derived from one of the most famed examples: the gigantes (Greek “γίγαντες”) of Greek mythology.
In various Indo-European mythologies, gigantic peoples are featured as primeval creatures associated with chaos and the wild nature, and they are frequently in conflict with the gods, be they Olympian, Nartian, Hindu or Norse.
Fairy tales such as Jack and the Beanstalk have formed our modern perception of giants as stupid and violent monsters, frequently said to eat humans, and especially children. However, in some more recent portrayals, like those of Roald Dahl, some giants are both intelligent and friendly.
“There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.” Genesis 6:4-5 (KJV).
The nephilim were presumably destroyed in the Flood, but further giants are reported in the Torah, including the Anakites (Numbers 13:28-33), the Emites (Deuteronomy 2:10), and, in Joshua, the Rephaites (Joshua 12:4). The Bible also tells of Gog and Magog, who later entered into European folklore, and of the famous battle between David and the Philistine giant Goliath. (The King James Bible reports Goliath as “six cubits and a span” in height—over nine feet tall, (over 2.75 m) (1 Samuel 17:4 KJV), but other sources, such as the Septuagint, a Hebrew Bible (Greek), the 1st century historian Josephus, and the 1st-2nd century BCE Dead Sea Scrolls all give Goliath’s height as “four cubits and a span,” approximately 2.00 m or about six feet seven inches).
In Sahih al-Bukhari Volume 8, Book 74, Number 246: Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “Allah created Adam in his complete shape and form (directly), sixty cubits (about 30 meters) in height. When He created him, He said (to him), “Go and greet that group of angels sitting there, and listen what they will say in reply to you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring.” Adam (went and) said, ‘As-Salamu alaikum (Peace be upon you).’ They replied, ‘walaikum salam (And upon you be peace). The Prophet added ‘So whoever will enter Paradise, will be of the shape and form of Adam. People have been decreasing in stature since Adam`s creation.”
In Hinduism, the giants are called Daityas. The Daityas (दैत्य) were the children of Diti and the sage Kashyapa who fought against the gods or Devas because they were jealous of their Deva half-brothers. Since Daityas were a power-seeking race, they sometimes allied with other races having similar ideology namely Danavas and Asuras. Daityas along with Danavas and Asuras are sometimes called Rakshasas, the generic term for a demon in Hindu mythology. Some known Daityas include Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha. The main antagonist of the Hindu epic Ramayana, Ravana, was a Brahmin from his father’s side and a Daitya from his mother’s side. His younger brother Kumbhakarna was said to be as tall as a mountain and was quite good natured.
In Greek mythology the gigantes (γίγαντες) were (according to the poet Hesiod) the children of Uranos (Ουρανός) and Gaea (Γαία) (The Heaven and the Earth).They were involved in a conflict with the Olympian gods called the Gigantomachy (Γιγαντομαχία), which was eventually settled when the hero Heracles decided to help the Olympians. The Greeks believed some of them, like Enceladus, to lay buried from that time under the earth and that their tormented quivers resulted in earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Herodotus in Book 1, Chapter 68, describes how the Spartans uncovered in Tegea the body of Orestes which was seven cubits long—around 10 feet. In his book The Comparison of Romulus with Theseus Plutarch describes how the Athenians uncovered the body of Theseus, which was of more than ordinary size. The kneecaps of Ajax were exactly the size of a discus for the boy’s pentathlon, wrote Pausanias. A boy’s discus was about twelve centimeters in diameter, while a normal adult patella is around five centimeters, suggesting Ajax may have been around 14 feet (~4.3 meters) tall.
Several Jupiter-Giant-Columns have been found in Germania Superior. These were crowned with a statue of Jupiter, typically on horseback, defeating or trampling down a Giant, often depicted as a snake. They are restricted to the area of south-western Germany, western Switzerland, French Jura and Alsace.
In Norse mythology, the Jotun (jötnar in Old Norse, a cognate with ettin) are often opposed to the gods. While often translated into “giants”, most are described as being roughly human sized. Some are portrayed as huge, such as frost giants (hrímþursar), fire giants (eldjötnar), and mountain giants (bergrisar).
The giants are the origin of most of various monsters in Norse mythology (e.g. the Fenrisulfr), and in the eventual battle of Ragnarök the giants will storm Asgard and defeat them in war. Even so, the gods themselves were related to the giants by many marriages, and there are giants such as Ægir, Loki, Mímir and Skaði, who bear little difference in status to them.
Norse mythology also holds that the entire world of men was once created from the flesh of Ymir, a giant of cosmic proportions, which name is considered by some to share a root with the name Yama of Indo-Iranian mythology.
An old Icelandic legend says that two night-prowling giants, a man and a woman, were traversing the fjord near Drangey Island with their cow when they were surprised by the bright rays of daybreak. As a result of exposure to daylight, all three were turned into stone. Drangey represents the cow and Kerling (supposedly the female giant, the name means “Old Hag”) is to the south of it. Karl (the male giant) was to the north of the island, but he disappeared long ago.
According to Balt legends, the playing of a girl giantess named Neringa on the seashore formed the Curonian Spit (“neria, nerge, neringia” means land which is diving up and down like a swimmer). This giant child also appears in other myths (in some of which she is shown as a young strong woman, similar to a female version of the Greek Heracles). “Neringa” is the name of a modern town on the spot.
In Bulgarian mythology, giants called ispolini inhabited the Earth before modern humans. They lived in the mountains, fed on raw meat and often fought against dragons. Ispolini were afraid of blackberries which posed a danger of tripping and dying, so they offered sacrifices to that plant.
Giants are rough but generally righteous characters of formidable strength living up the hills of the Basque Country. Giants stand for the Basque people reluctant to convert to Christianity who decide to stick to the old life style and customs in the forest. Sometimes they hold the secret of ancient techniques and wisdom unknown to the Christians, like in the legend of San Martin Txiki, while their most outstanding feature is their strength. It follows that in many legends all over the Basque territory the giants are held accountable for the creation of many stone formations, hills and ages-old megalithic structures (dolmens, etc.), with similar explanations provided in different spots.
However, giants show different variants and forms, they are most frequently referred to as jentilak and mairuak, while as individuals they can be represented as Basajaun (‘the lord of the forests’), Sanson (development of the biblical Samson), Errolan (based on the Frankish army general Roland fall dead in the Battle of Roncevaux Pass) or even Tartalo (a one-eyed giant akin to the Greek Cyclops).
In folklore from all over Europe, giants were believed to have built the remains of previous civilizations. Saxo Grammaticus, for example, argues that giants had to exist, because nothing else would explain the large walls, stone monuments, and statues that we now know were the remains of Roman construction. Similarly, the Old English poem Seafarer speaks of the high stone walls that were the work of giants. Even natural geologic features such as the massive basalt columns of the Giant’s Causeway on the coast of Northern Ireland were attributed to construction by giants. Giants provided the least complicated explanation for such artifacts.
Medieval romances such as Amadis de Gaul feature giants as antagonists, or, rarely, as allies. This is parodied famously in Cervantes’ Don Quixote, when the title character attacks a windmill, believing it to be a giant. This is the source of the phrase tilting at windmills.
Tales of combat with giants were a common feature in the folklore of Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Celtic giants also figure in Breton and Arthurian romances perhaps as a reflection of the Nordic and Slavic mythology that arrived on the boats, and from this source they spread into the heroic tales of Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto, and their follower Edmund Spenser. In the small Scottish village of Kinloch Rannoch, a local myth to this effect concerns a local hill that apparently resembles the head, shoulders, and torso of a man, and has therefore been termed ‘the sleeping giant’. Apparently the giant will awaken only if a specific musical instrument is played near the hill. Other giants, perhaps descended from earlier Germanic mythology, feature as frequent opponents of Dietrich von Bern in medieval German tales – in later portrayals Dietrich himself and his fellow heroes also became giants.
Many giants in English folklore were noted for their stupidity. A giant who had quarreled with the Mayor of Shrewsbury went to bury the city with dirt; however, he met a shoemaker, carrying shoes to repair, and the shoemaker convinced the giant that he had worn out all the shoes coming from Shrewsbury, and so it was too far to travel.
Other English stories told of how giants threw stones at each other. This was used to explain many great stones on the landscape.
Giants figure in a great many fairy tales and folklore stories, such as Jack and the Beanstalk, The Giant Who Had No Heart in His Body, Nix Nought Nothing, Robin Hood and the Prince of Aragon, Young Ronald, and Paul Bunyan. Ogres and trolls are humanoid creatures, sometimes of gigantic stature, that occur in various sorts of European folklore. An example of another, Slavic, folklore giant is Rübezahl, a kind giant from Wendish folklore who lived in the Giant Mountains (nowadays on the Czech-Polish border).
In Kalevala, Antero Vipunen is a giant shaman that possesses mighty spells dating to the creation. Epic hero Väinämöinen sets out to learn these spells from him, but Vipunen is buried underground, and when Väinämöinen digs him out, he is accidentally swallowed by Vipunen. Väinämöinen then forces Vipunen to submit and sing the spells out by hammering his insides. An analysis by Martti Haavio is that Vipunen is not physically large, but his familiar animal (astral form) is a whale. The depiction is not found in the majority of Finnish original stories, and most probably originates from the book’s compiler Elias Lönnrot.
William Cody’s autobiography refers to a Pawnee Indian legend: “While we were in the sandhills, scouting the Niobrara country, the Pawnee Indians brought into camp some very large bones, one of which the surgeon of the expedition pronounced to be the thigh bone of a human being. The Indians said the bones were those of a race of people who long ago had lived in that country. They said these people were three times the size of a man of the present day, that they were so swift and strong that they could run by the side of a buffalo, and, taking the animal in one arm, could tear off a leg and eat it as they ran.”
And there WERE giants in those days!
This is a pretty pointed article found at a site while I was surfing. I think you’ll enjoy this one.
Several years ago, during a rather clandestine exchange I had with a friend and mentor of mine, Brad Steiger, I was told a strange series of facts regarding the mummified remains of “giants” discovered throughout the Americas in the nineteenth century.
We had been talking about his book, Worlds Before Our Own, which had recently been reprinted by Anomalist Books, when he asked me a question regarding a strange, mummified skeleton discovered in 1885.
“Micah, I think you may have seen the pictures that I have of the 7-foot female holding her skeletal babe. She also has a rudimentary tail.” As I tried to recollect an image of this oddity, he added, “We may truly be products of someone else’s laboratory.”
Indeed, this was a bizarre concept, but before I had time to ponder what Steiger was saying he added, “I discussed many giant skeletons that were being held in private museums. After the book was published, I learned of even more and included photos of them in my lectures. Soon, individuals beseeched me to cease.”
“Why?” I asked.
“The private museums were mysteriously suffering unexplained fires,” he told me rather cryptically.
In addition to the strange stories like this that do turn up from time to time, I find it very interesting–and a bit unsettling–that there are instances suggesting some kind of opposition to the weirder ancient mysteries of this world becoming general knowledge among the populace. This is disturbing for two reasons; one being that the notion itself is a shame, if such allegations are indeed true, since there may be elements of history with potential for being studied more carefully that are squelched beforehand. The other reason (albeit a less popular one among circles of phenomenology) deals with the distinct possibility that American frontier legends and folklore have contributed a great deal to the body of evidence surrounding ancient civilizations. These groups, consisting of giants, denizens of an underworld race, citizens of Atlantis, and other new-age theories and philosophies, when probed deeper, often seem to have a bit less foundation in scientific or archaeological fact. Nonetheless, there are a surprising number of stories that allege all sorts of conspiratorial happenings, ranging from recovery of mummified bodies by organizations and groups that spirit them away into the shadows, to mislabeling of samples and specimens that leads to filing and mis-categorization; thus, locating the original discovery is more difficult (particularly if they were uncovered more than a century ago).
Giant Bones: A Big Deal, or Merely Tall Tales?
Featured reports of giant bones found:
* During an 1879 excavation of an Indian mound near Brewersville, Indiana, a nine-foot eight inch skeleton was found buried within.
* Around the same time, George W. Hill, M.D., also unearthed a skeleton said to be “of unusual size” while excavating a mound in Ashland County, Ohio.
* In 1880, American Antiquarian, volume three, reported that a Doctor Everhart allegedly found another large skeleton “reported to have been of enormous dimensions” in a strange clay coffin along with a sandstone slab marked with unidentified hieroglyphics near Zanesville Ohio.
* In 1881 in Medina County, Ohio, a succession of nine bodies were found below the cellar of a house, buried as though the corpses had been “dumped into a ditch.” Albert Harris, one of the residents, was twenty years old at the time of the grave’s discovery, and removing one of the large skeletons, said that he could literally fit the piece over his entire head and allow it to rest on his shoulders like a large helmet, even while wearing a cap underneath!
Still, we’ve all heard of how even well known authors of the era, including Mark Twain, contributed to the telling of “whoppers” in their day; that is, many writers who got their feet wet as newspaper writers for dailies would occasionally cook up tall tales when local news just wasn’t doing it (see a great example of this here). Eventually, I decided to try and find out if there might be any reports that could be verified with more certainty, and after some digging around in public domain archives, I found a couple.
In their 1894 report to the secretary of the Smithsonian Institute, Cyrus Thomas and Thomas Powell of the Bureau of Ethnology wrote of several discoveries where large human skeletal remains were found, the first ocurring in Roane County, Tennessee:
“Underneath the layer of shells the earth was very dark and appeared to be mixed with vegetable mold to the depth of 1 foot. At the bottom of this, resting on the original surface of the ground, was a very large skeleton lying horizontally at full length. Although very soft, the bones were sufficiently distinct to allow of careful measurement before attempting to remove them. The length from the base of the skull to the bones of the toes was found to be 7 feet 3 inches. It is probable, therefore, that this individual when living was fully 7½ feet high.”
And yet another instance, this time in presumed Indian burial mounds at Dunlieth, Illinois:
“Near the original surface, 10 or 12 feet from the center, on the lower side, lying at full length on its back, was one of the largest skeletons discovered by the Bureau agents, the length as proved by actual measurement being between 7 and 8 feet. It was clearly traceable, but crumbled to pieces immediately after removal from the hard earth in which it was encased….”
Indeed, it seems that the Smithsonian at one time reported oddities like these which they uncovered, especially during the “giant boom” of the late nineteenth century. Still, I can’t help but ask; if these kinds of discoveries were ever at all commonplace, why aren’t skeletons and other anomalies like this found more frequently in modern times… or are they?
During an email exchange I had last year with my good friend and mentor, Brad Steiger, we began discussing a few similar reports which he had included in his book Worlds Before Our Own, where a few such skeletons were said to exist in private museums. ”After the book was published, I learned of even more and included photos of them in my lectures,” he told me. ”Soon, individuals beseeched me to cease; the private museums were mysteriously suffering unexplained fires.” One is left to ask; what about anomalous relics of this (or any) sort could be so worthy of censorship on such a level?
Further complicating the mystery of missing giant bones is the following exerpt from an article I wrote which included the inquiries of the late zoologist Ivan T. Sanderson, best known for his interest in the legends regarding America’s Bigfoot and the Abominable Snowmen alleged to reside in the Himalayas:
“Sometime in the 1960s, Sanderson wrote about an odd letter he received regarding an engineer who, during World War II, had been stationed on the Aleutian island of Shemya. While building an airstrip, the bulldozing of a group of hills in the area led the engineer and his crew to unearth several sedimentary layers of human remains. They noted the extraordinary length of the crania and leg bones at the site, having apparently belonged to people of gigantic proportions. The skulls were said to have measured up to 24 inches from base to crown, far greater than the length of an average human skull. Also of interest was that each was said to have been trepanned, the strange process of drilling or cutting a hole and removing a top center portion of the skull, thought by some ancient cultures to enable a variety of alleged “benefits”, including psychic abilities, etc. Sanderson actively began to search for more proof of this incident, and later was able to contact another member of the unit who also confirmed the bizarre story. By all accounts, the remains were said to have been gathered by the Smithsonian Institution, but no record of where they were taken was ever issued. Sanderson seemed convinced that the institute did indeed retrieve them however, going so far as to ask ‘is it that these people cannot face rewriting all the textbooks?’ “
Below are actual giants from history. Section 2 focuses on speculations and unproven, but very interesting cases non-the less!
ANDRONICUS II. was 10 feet in height. He was grandson of Alexius Comnenus. Nicetas asserts that he had seen him.
BAMFORD (Edward) was 7 feet 4 inches. He died in 1768, and was buried in St. Dunstan’s churchyard.
BATES (Captain) was 7 feet 2 1/2 inches. He was a native of Kentucky, and was exhibited in London in 1871. His wife (Anna Swann) was the same height.
BLACKER (Henry) was 7 feet 4 inches, and most symmetrical. He was born at Cuckfield, in Sussex, in 1724, and was called “The British Giant.”
BRADLEY (William) was 7 feet 9 inches in height. He was born in 1787, and died 1820. His birth is duly registered in the parish church of Market Weighton, in Yorkshire, and his right hand is preserved in the museum of the College of Surgeons.
BRICE (M. J.) exhibited under the name of Anak, was 7 feet 8 inches in height at the age of 26. He was born in 1840 at Ramonchamp, in the Vosges, and visited England 1862-5. His arms had a stretch of 95 1/2 inches, and were therefore 3 1/2 inches too long for symmetry.
BRUSTED (Von) was 8 feet in height. This Norway giant was exhibited in London in 1880.
BUSBY (John) was 7 feet 9 inches in height, and his brother was about the same. They were natives of Darfield, in Yorkshire.
CHANG, the Chinese giant, was 8 feet 2 inches in height. The entire name of this Chinese giant was Chang-Woo-Goo. He was exhibited in London in 1865-1866, and again in 1880. He was a native of Fychou.
CHARLEMAGNE was nearly 8 feet in height, and was so strong he could squeeze together three horseshoes with his hands.
COTTER (Patrick) was 8 feet 7 1/2 inches in height. This Irish giant died at Clifton, Bristol, in 1802. A cast of his hand is preserved in the museum of the College of Surgeons.
DANIEL, the porter of Oliver Cromwell, was a man of gigantic stature.
ELEAZER was 7 cubits (nearly 11 feet). Vitellius sent this giant to Rome; and he is mentioned by Josephus. N.B. – The height of Goliath was 6 cubits and a span. Nothing can be a greater proof that the cubit was not 21 inches, for no recorded height of any giant known has reached 10 feet. The nearest approach to it was Gabara, the Arabian giant (9 feet 9 inches) mentioned by Pliny, and Middleton of Lancashire (9 feet 3 inches) mentioned by Dr. Plott. Probably a cubit was about 18 inches.
ELEIZEGUE (Joachim). Was 7 feet 10 inches in height. He was a Spaniard, and exhibited in the Cosmorama, Regent Street, London.
EVANS (William) was 8 feet at death. He was a porter of Charles I., and died in 1632.
FRANK (Big). Was 7 feet 8 inches in height. He was an Irishman whose name was Francis Sheridan, and died in 1870.
FRENZ (Louis) was 7 feet 4 inches in height. He was called “the French giant.”
FUNNUM (court giant of Eugene II.) was 11 feet 6 inches.
GABARA, the Arabian giant, was 9 feet 9 inches. This Arabian giant is mentioned by Pliny, who says he was the tallest man seen in the days of Claudius.
GILLY was 8 feet. This Swedish giant was exhibited in the early part of the nineteenth century.
GOLIATH was 6 cubits and a span (11 feet 3 inches, if the cubit = 21 inches, and the span = 9 inches). See note to the giant ELEAZER. If the cubit was 18 inches, then Goliath was the same height as the Arabian giant Gabara.(9 feet 9 inches.)
GORDON (Alâce) was 7 feet in height. She was a native of Essex, and died in 1737, at the age of 19.
HALE (Robert) was 7 feet 6 inches in height. He was born at Somerton, in Norfolk, and was called “the Norfolk giant” (1820-1862).
HAR’DRADA (Harold) was nearly 8 feet in height (“5 ells of Norway”), and was called “the Norway giant.” Snorro Sturleson says he was “about 8 feet in height.”
HOLMES (Benjamin) was 7 feet 6 inches in height. He was a Northumberland man, and was made sword-bearer of the Corporation of Worcester. He died in 1892.
JOHN FREDERICK, Duke of Brunswick, was 8 feet 6 inches in height.
KINTOLOCHUS REX was 15 feet 6 inches in height (!), 5 feet through the chest to the spine (!), and 10 feet across the shoulders (!). This, of course, is quite incredible.
LA PIERRE was 7 feet 1 inch in height. He was born at Stratgard, in Denmark.
LOUIS was 7 feet 4 inches in height. Called “the French giant.” His left hand is preserved in the museum of the College of Surgeons.
LOUISHKIN was 8 feet 5 inches in height. This Russian giant was drum-major of the Imperial Guards.
MCDONALD (James) was 7 feet 6 inches in height. He was born in Cork, Ireland, and died in 1760.
MCDONALD (Samuel) was 6 feet 10 inches in height. This Scotchman was usually called “Big Sam.” He was the Prince of Wales’s footman, and died in 1802.
MAGRATH (Cornelius) was 7 feet 10 inches in height at the age of 16. He was an orphan reared by Bishop Berkeley, and died at the age of twenty (1740-1760).
MAXIMI’NUS was 8 feet 6 inches in height. The Roman emperor, from 235 to 238.
MELLON (Edmund) was 7 feet 6 inches in height at the age of nineteen. He was born at Port Leicester, in Ireland (1740-1760).
MIDDLETON (John) was 9 feet 3 inches in height. “His hand was 17 inches long and 8 1/2 broad.” He was born at Hale, Lancashire, in the reign of James I. (See above, Gabara.) (Dr. Plott: Natural History of Staffordshire, p. 295.)
MILLER (Maximilian Christopher) was 8 feet in height. His hand measured 12 inches, and his forefinger was 9 inches long. This Saxon giant died in London at the age of sixty (1674-1734).
MURPHY was 8 feet 10 inches in height. This Irish giant was contemporary with O’Brien (see below), and died at Marseilles.
O’BRIEN, or CHARLES BYRNE, was 8 feet 4 inches in height. The skeleton of this Irish giant is preserved in the College of Surgeons. He died in Cockspur Street, London, and was contemporary with Murphy (1761-1783).
O’BRIEN (Patrick) was 8 feet 7 inches in height. He died August 3, 1804, aged thirty-nine.
OG, King of Bashan. According to non biblical tradition, he lived 3,000 years, and walked beside the Ark during the Flood. One of his bones formed a bridge over a river. Biblicaly speaking, his bed (Deuteronomy iii. 11) was 9 cubits by 4 cubits. If the cubit was really 21 inches, this would make the bed 15 3/4 feet by 7 and if the cubit was 18 inches, his bed would be 13 1/2 feet by 6. The great bed of Ware, Herts, is 12 feet by 12. (See above, Eleazar – note.)
OSEN (Heinrich) was 7 feet 6 inches in height at the age of 27, and weighed above 37 stone. He was born in Norway. (See above, Hardrada.)
PORUS was “5 cubits in height” (7 feet 6 inches). He was an Indian king who fought against Alexander the Great near the river Hydaspes. (Quintus Curtius: De rebus gestis Alexandri Magni.) Whatever the Jewish cubit was, the Roman cubit was not more than 18 inches.
RIECHART (J. H.) was 8 feet 4 inches in height. He was a native of Friedberg, and both his father and mother were of gigantic stature.
SALMERON (Martin) was 7 feet 4 inches in height. He was called “The Mexican Giant.” SAM (Big). (See Mac Donald.)
SHERIDAN. (See above, Frank.)
SWANN (Anne Hanen) was 7 feet 5 1/2 inches in height. She was a native of Nova Scotia.
TOLLER (James) was 8 feet at the age of 24. He died in February, 1819.
- Gasper Bauhin speaks of a Swiss 8 feet in height.
- Del Rio tells us he himself saw a Piedmontese in 1572 more than 9 feet in height.
- C. F. S. Warren, M.A. (in Notes and Queries, August 14th, 1875), tells us that his father knew a lady 9 feet in height, and adds “her head touched the ceiling of a good-sized room.”
- Vanderbrook says he saw at Congo a black man 9 feet high. In the museum of Trinity College, Dublin, is a human skeleton 8 feet 6 inches in height.
- Thomas Hall, of Willingham, was 3 feet 9 inches at the age of 3.
- A giant was exhibited at Rouen in the early part of the eighteenth century 17 feet 10 inches (!) in height.
- Gorapus, the surgeon, tells us of a Swedish giantess, who, at the age of 9, was over 10 feet in height.
- Turner, the naturalist, tells us he saw in Brazil a giant 12 feet in height.
- M. Thevet published, in 1575, an account of a South American giant, the skeleton of which he measured. It was 11 feet 5 inches.
Giants in Hindu Mythology
In Hinduism, the giants are called Daityas. They were a race who fought against the gods because they were jealous of their Deva half-brothers. Some Daityas from Hindu mythology include Kumbhakarna and Hiranyaksha.
Giants in Greek Mythology
In Greek mythology the gigantes were (according to the poet Hesiod) the children of Uranos and Gaea (The Heaven and the Earth). They were involved in a conflict with the Olympian gods called the Gigantomachy , which was eventually settled when the hero Heracles decided to help the Olympians. The Greeks believed some of them, like Enceladus, to lay buried from that time under the earth, and that their tormented quivers resulted in earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Greek mythology also features the cyclopes – well remembered for their encounter with Odysseus in Homer’s Odyssey – giants (though not gigantes) with only one eye. The titans were as well often imagined to be of great size and strength, hence the word titanic.
Herodotus in Book 1, Chapter 68, describes how the Spartans uncovered in Tegea the body of Orestes which was seven cubits long — around 10 feet. In his book The Comparison of Romulus with Theseus Plutarch describes how the Athenians uncovered the body of Theseus, which was of more than ordinary size. The kneecaps of Ajax were exactly the size of a discus for the boy’s pentathlon, wrote Pausanias. A boy’s discus was about twelve centimeters in diameter, while a normal adult patella is around five centimeters, suggesting Ajax may have been around 14 feet tall.
Giants in Norse Mythology
In Germanic mythologies – of which Norse mythology, due to its extensive Icelandic sources, is the only one well recorded – the giants (jotnar in Old Norse, a cognate with ettin) are often opposed to the gods. They come in different classes, such as frost giants (hrimpursar) fire giants (eldjotnar) and mountain giants (bergrisar). The giants are the origin of most of the monsters in Norse mythology (e.g. the Fenrisulfr), and in the eventual, apocalyptic battle of Ragnarok the giants will storm Asgard, the home of the gods in Heaven, and defeat them in war, thus bringing about the end of the world. Even so, the gods themselves related to the giants by many marriages, and there are giants such as Aegir, Mimir and Skaoi, who bear little difference in status to them. Norse mythology also holds that the entire world of men was once created from the flesh of Ymir – a giant of cosmic proportions, by some considered to share a root with the name Yama of Indo-Iranian mythology. A bergrisi appears as a supporter on the coat of arms of Iceland.
Giants in Other European Legends
In folklore from all over Europe, giants were believed to have built the remains of previous civilizations. Saxo Grammaticus, for example, argues that giants had to exist, because nothing else would explain the large walls, stone monuments, and statues that we know were the remains of Roman construction. Similarly, the Old English poem Seafarer speaks of the high stone walls that were the work of giants. Even natural geologic features such as the massive basalt columns of the Giant’s Causeway on the coast of Northern Ireland were attributed to construction by giants. Giants provided the least complicated explanation for such artifacts.
In Basque mythology, giants appear as jentilak and mairuak (Moors), and were said to have raised the dolmens and menhirs. After Christianization, they were driven away, and the only remaining one is Olentzero, a coalmaker that brings gifts on Christmas Eve.
Tales of combat with giants were a common feature in the folklore of Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Some Irish giants such as Fionn mac Cumhaill (Finn McCool) were considered benevolent and well liked by humans. Celtic giants also figure in Breton and Arthurian romances, and from this source they spread into the heroic tales of Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto, and their follower Edmund Spenser. In the small Scottish village of Kinloch Rannoch, a local myth to this effect concerns a local hill that apparently resembles the head, shoulders, and torso of a man, and has therefore been termed ‘the sleeping giant’. Apparently the giant will awaken only if a specific musical instrument is played near the hill.
Many giants in British folklore were noted for their stupidity. A giant who had quarreled with the Mayor of Shrewsbury went to bury the city with dirt; however, he met a shoemaker, carrying shoes to repair, and the shoemaker convinced the giant that he had worn out all the shoes coming from Shrewsbury, and so it was too far to travel.
Other British giants were told in stories of how they threw stones at each other. This was used to explain many great stones on the landscape.
Giants figure in a great many fairy tales and folklore stories, such as Jack and the Beanstalk, The Giant Who Had No Heart in His Body, Nix Nought Nothing, Robin Hood and the Prince of Aragon, Young Ronald, and Paul Bunyan. Ogres and trolls are humanoid creatures, sometimes of gigantic stature, that occur in various sorts of European folklore. An example of another folklore giant is Rubezahl, a kind giant in German folklore who lived in the Giant Mountains (nowadays on the Czech-Polish border).
Giants in the West
Aside from mythology and folklore (see Tall tales), mysterious remains of giants have been found in America. Giants are usually classified as human-like remains that are 7′-5″ or more in height. The book Forbidden Land by Robert Lyman (1971) recounts the following finds:
Aside from in Forbidden Land, we can find other unverified examples or legends about the remains of giants:
Gigantic beings, closely related to the gods, consisting of a wide variety of oversized and sometimes monstrous individuals and tribes.
AGRIOS A man-eating Thrakian Gigante who was half man and half bear.
ALKYONEUS King of the Heka-Gigantes, he was slain by Herakles.
ALOADAI, THE Twin giants who attempted to storm heaven by piling mountains one upon the other.
ALPOS A Sicilian Giant slain by the god Dionysos.
ANTAIOS A gigantic Libyan king who slew in wrestling all visitors to his land until he was slain by Herakles.
ANTIPHATES The King of the man-eating tribe of Laistrygones encountered by Odysseus on his travels.
ARGES One of the three Elder Kykopes.
ARGOS PANOPTES A hundred-eyed Gigante who was slain by Hermes.
BRIAREOS One of the three Hekatonkheires.
BRONTES One of the three Elder Kyklopes.
DAMASEN A Mysian Giant who slew a Drakon that was ravaging his country.
EKHIDNA’S SON A serpent-footed Giant and ally of the Titanes. He was slain by Ares in an attack on the fortress of the gods.
ELATREUS One of the sons of the three Elder Kyklopes.
ENKELADOS One of the Heka-Gigantes slain by Athene, who flayed off his skin for armour.
EPHIALTES One of the twin Giants called Aloadai.
EURYALOS One of the sons of the three Elder Kyklopes.
GEGENEES, THE A race of six armed Giants encountered and slain by the Argonauts in Mysia.
GERYONES A three-bodied Giant who dwelt at farthest ends of the earth. He was slain by Herakles who was sent to fetch the giant’s cattle as one of his twelve labours.
GIGANTES, THE HEKA- The hundred Giants born from the blood of the castrated Ouranos. They waged war on the enitre pantheon of gods and were slain in the ensuing battle.
GYES One of the three Hekatonkheires.
HALIMEDES One of the sons of the three Elder Kyklopes.
HEKATONKHEIRES, THE The hundred-handed, fifty headed giants who assisted Zeus in his war against the Titanes and were set as guards on the gates of Tartaros.
HOPLODAMOS A giant who with his brothers protected Rhea from the rage of Kronos after the Titan discovered her duplicity in thebirth of Zeus.
KAKOS A fire-breathing Italian giant slain by Herakles.
KHARBYDIS A monstrous daughter of Poseidon chained to the sea-bed. Her inhalations formed a deadly whirlpool in the Straights of Messina.
KHRYSAOR A winged giant who dwelt at the ends of the earth. He was born from the neck of the beheaded Medousa.
KOTTOS One of the three Hekatonkheires.
KYKLOPES, THE ELDER Three one-eyed Giants who were allies of Zeus in his war against the Titanes. They crafted weapons for the gods including the lightning bolts of Zeus. Their four sons were slain by Apollon after Zeus slew Asklepios with lightning.
KYKLOPES, THE YOUNGER A race of cannibalistic one-eyed shepherd Giants native to the island of Sicily. They were a lawless, primitive race who payed no heed to the gods.
KYMOPOLEIA A gigantic daughter of Poseidon who the god married to the hundred-handed Giant Briareus.
LAISTRYGONES, THE A race of cannibalistic giants who dwelt in a distant land where the sun never set.
MYLINOS A Kretan Giant slain by Zeus.
OIOLYKA A gigantic daughter of the giant Briareus.
OREIOS A man-eating Thrakian Gigante who was half man and half bear.
ORION A handsome Giant who could walk on water. He was slain by Gaia for threatening to slay all the beasts of the earth with his hunting prowess or by Apollon for daring to love Artemis.
OTOS One of the twin Giants called Aloadai.
POLYPHEMOS A gigantic Cyclops son of Poseidon. He was blinded by Odysseus after cannibalising the heroes men.
PORPHYRION The mightiest of the Heka-Gigantes. In the war against the gods he attempted to rape Hera but was slain by Herakles and Zeus.
RHODIAN GIGANTES A race of Giants native to the island of Rhodes.
STEROPES One of the three Elder Kyklopes.
TALOS A Giant formed out of bronze who patrolled the island of Krete driving away pirates. He was slain by the witch Medea when the Argonauts attempted a landing on the island.
TITYOS A lawless Giant who attempted to rape the goddess Leto. He was slain by Apollon and Artemis and chained in the dungeons of Haides where a vulture fed eternally on his liver.
TRAKHIOS One of the sons of the three Elder Kyklopes.
TYPHOEUS A monstrous fire-breathing Giant who assaulted the fortress of heaven. All the gods fled to Egypt in terror, except Zeus who was defeated by the giant and stripped of his sinews. He was restored and the giant, weakened by a trick of the Fates, was conquered and buried beneath the island of Sicily by Zeus.
Following is an excerpt from “The Ape That Was” and discusses the controversy over whether “modern manlike” appearing remains of Meganthropus and Gigantopithecus were those of man or ape.
“Since Neanderthal Man is usually considered as a “race,” the possibility that racial characteristics of this kind could in fact be the result of pituitary or other glandular disturbance, is greatly strengthened by the case of Maurice Tillet.
We thus have, in addition to the influences of diet and eating habits, the possible influences of glandular abnormality. It is conceivable that the giantism which has been found to characterize some early fossils of man, could be traced to the same factor. In this case history as opposed to genetics, in Portmann’s sense of the terms, would possibly explain Gigantopithecus and Meganthropus, and so forth, as well as the grossness of some European forms; and any attempt to fit them into a genetic series would be a waste of time.”The Supposed Evolution of the Human Skull
“According to Ciochon et al. (1990), Gigantopithecus blacki was 10 feet tall and weighed 1,200 pounds. This is speculative, since it is with some uncertainty that one reconstructs such a massive creature from a few jaw bones and teeth, however many. The way they arrived at this picture was first to estimate the size of the head from the jaw, and then to use a head/body ratio of 1:6.5 in order to determine the body size. For comparison they cite a head/body ratio of 1:8 for the Australopithecus afarensis specimen known as ‘Lucy’.
The more conservative ratio for Gigantopithecus was arrived at out of consideration of the massive jaw as an adaptation to the mastication of fibrous plant matter (probably bamboo). Gigantopithecus was probably proportionally a markedly big jawed creature.
For the head shape they based their assumptions on the orangutan, since evolutionarily they place Gigantopithecus on the same line as the orangutan, finding a common ancestor for them both in Sivapithecus.
However, the orangutan could not serve as a model for the body, since it is unlikely that a 1,200 pound ape would be as arboreal. Therefore they chose the largest primates known, the gorilla and the extinct giant baboon Theropithecus oswaldi, as their models for the body.
(Photo:Rex Gilroy with a twenty five pound hand axe found near Bathurst, Aus.)They gave Gigantopithecus an intermembral index 108 (gorilla at 120 + Theropithecus at 95 divide by 2 = 108 rounded up – very scientific!) (Ciochon et al., 1990). “the average male Gigantopithecus had a skull that measured eighteen inches from the bottom of the jaw to the highest point of the sagittal crest (a male gorilla, for comparison, has a skull ten inches high)”
“Meanwhile, however, Weidenreich, (the “co-discoverer” of Gigantopithecus)who had retreated from Beijing to the American Museum of Natural History in New York, set about studying plaster casts of the four teeth. Because of the unusually large size of a few of the Homo erectus specimens from Java, Weidenreich came up with the notion that there had been a period of gigantism in human evolution, and that modern humans were the diminutive descendants of these giants.
In Apes, Giants, and Man, published in 1946, he argued that the Gigantopithecus teeth were humanlike, and that von Koenigswald had been mistaken in considering the animal an ape rather than a member of the human family tree. During von Koenigswald’s wartime internment, Weidenreich’s views became widely accepted.”… The Ape That Was
OTHER GIANT EVIDENCES
An extract and photograph from the British S t r a n d magazine of December 1895, reprinted in W. G. Wood-Martin’s Book, Traces of the Elder Faiths of Ireland, mentions a fossilized giant that had been found during mining operations in County Antrim, Ireland:
Pre-eminent among the most extraor dinary articles ever held by a railway company is the fossilized Irish giant, which is at this moment lying at the London and North-Western Railway Company’s Broad street goods depot, and a photograph of which is repro duced here…
This monstrous figure is reputed to have been dug up by a Mr. Dyer whilst prospecting for iron ore in County Antrim.
The principal measurements are: entire length, 12 ft 2 in.; girth of chest, 6 ft 6 in.; and length of arms, 4 ft 6 in. There are six toes on the right foot. The gross weight is 2 tons 15 cwt.; so that it took half a dozen men and a powerful crane to place this article of lost property in position for the Strand magazine artist.
Dyer, after showing the giant in Dublin, came to England with his queer find and exhibited it in Liverpool and Manchester at sixpence a head, attracting scientific men as well as gaping sightseers.
Business increased and the showman induced a man named Kershaw to purchase a share in the concern. In 1876, Dyer sent this giant from Manchester to London by rail; the sum of £4 2s 6d being charged for carriage by the company, but never paid.
Evidently Kershaw knew nothing of the removal of the ‘show’, for when he discovered it he followed in hot haste, and, through a firm of London solici tors, moved the Court of Chancery to issue an order restraining the compa ny from parting with the giant, until the action between Dyer and himself to determine the ownership was dis posed of. The action was never brought to an issue.
Unfortunately (as far as this writer knows), nothing more was ever heard of the Antrim giant or its owners.
Giant Human Bones Found in Middle East
Joe Taylor of the Mount Click and drag photo to resize. Script from The Java Script Source
Blanco Fossil Museum sculpted this femur after receiving following letter:
Dear Christian Friends, I was born and lived in the Middle East from 1938 to 1968. I was Ain-Tell and Euphrates water works Engineer and was very interested in archaeology and history and had some very interesting findings, some of which may sound unbelievable.
I have brought with me a few silex arrow heads, etc., from the very battle-field where King Nebuchadnezzar and Pharo-Necho’s armies fought. And what about the giants mentioned in Genesis?
In south-east Turkey in the Euphrates Valley and in Homs and at Uran-Zohra, tombs of about four meters long once existed, but now roads and other construction work has destroyed the spots. At two places, when unearthed because of construction work, the leg bones were measured about 120 cms (47.24 inches).
It sounds unbelievable. I have lived with my family at Ain-Tell for more than 14 years at the very spot where King Nebuchadnezzar had his headquarters after the battle of Charcamish, where I dug the graves of kings’ officers and found their skeletons like sponge, and when you touch them they become like white ash, with spears and silex and obsidian tools and ammunition laying by.
This giant stood 14-16 ft tall. In his book Fossils Facts & Fantasies, Joe Taylor cites several accounts of giant human skeletons or depictions discovered in Egypt, Italy, Patagonia in Argentina, and the western US.
Giant Footprint Found in Solid Granite in 2002
A Ramona man has found what looks to be a footprint from Bigfoot. The giant fossilized footprint suggests the yeti could have once lived in the nearby mountains.
It’s one heck of a climb to see the footprint; more than a thousand feet up a rugged mountain in the Cleveland National Forest. And James Snyder’s house sits right at the bottom.
“I go out of my way to make a slip trail where nobody else has been and I was actually looking for gold,” said Snyder.
That was back in February. But instead of finding gold on Gowers Mountain, Snyder found a giant fossilized footprint, at least it looks like one, embedded in solid granite.
The footprint was found in what becomes a creek bed during the rainy season. It looks as though something big crossed the creek a long time ago leaving its footprint behind.
What made it and when? Who knows. But Snyder is convinced it was a Yeti or sasquatch or Bigfoot. “When I saw it I told my buddy, I said I found Bigfoot up there,” said Snyder.
He hopes someone who knows about this sort of thing will contact him. “But the neat thing about it to me, is most of your Bigfoots, or their casts or whatnot, come out of snow that you can’t go back and check, or muddy soil, where as soon as you get a hard rain, well that’s gone too.
This is, well we can look at it. We can study it. We can bring scientists here,” said Snyder. But it won’t be easy. The terrain at the top of Mt. Gowers looks like Mars, and it’s about as hard to get to.
You can actually go see the footprint if you’re prepared to walk an hour and a half, and that’s only if you know where you’re going. But it’s certainly worth the trip. That is, if you’re interested in seeing one really BIG foot.
Giant Human Legbone and Kneecap in Solid Rock
“At times, the discoveries made revealed “mysteries upon mysteries.” In July, 1877, four prospectors were looking for gold and silver outcroppings in a desolate, hilly area near the head of Spring Valley, not far from Eureka, Nevada.
Scanning the rocks, one of the men spotted something peculiar projecting from a high ledge. Climbing up to get a better look, the prospector was surprised to find a human legbone and knee cap sticking out of solid rock. He called to his companions, and together they dislodged the oddity with picks. Realizing they had a most unusual find, the men brought it into Eureka, where it was placed on display.
The stone in which the bones were embedded was a hard, dark red quartzite, and the bones themselves were almost black with carbonization – indicative of great age. When the surrounding stone was carefully chipped away, the specimen was found to be composed of a leg bone broken off four inches above the knee, the knee cap and joint, the lower leg bones, and the complete bones of the foot.
Several medical doctors examined the remains, and were convinced that anatomically they had indeed once belonged to a human being, and a very modern-looking one. But an intriguing aspect of the bones was their size: from knee to heel they measured 39 inches. Their owner in life had thus stood over 12 feet tall.
Compounding the mystery further was the fact that the rock in which the bones were found was dated geologically to he era of the dinosaurs, the Jurassic – over 185 million years old. The local papers ran several stories on the marvelous find, and two museums sent investigators to see if any more of the skeleton could be located.
Unfortunately, nothing else but the leg and foot existed in the rock.” Strange Relics from the Depths of the Earth–Jochmans
Russia is no exception when it comes to this kind of activities. Majority of sensational discoveries were for the most part considered a lie. One can hardly imagine the amount of exceptional, sensational information that is being stored in today’s archives. Here are some facts concerning such matters.
In 1961, two Russian scientists Okladnikov and Rogozhin discovered a large variety of tools in Siberia not far away from a town named Gorno-Altaisk located by the river Utalinka.
They concluded that their finds date back to 1,5-2 million years. Another Russian scientist Molchanov discovered absolutely identical tools on the river Lena near a village Urlak. Radiocarbon dating analyses of these finds has clearly identified a precise date: almost 2 million years.
The overall meaning of such finds appears to be of major importance, since it is thanks to them that we are able to trace the existence of the first human. They also ignite a rather controversial debate among scientists.
Every living creature leaves a trace. Certain evidences also indicate that humans existed during even earlier periods. Remains of a human skeleton vividly resembling those traits of a modern human being were found on the Pacific Coast.
Their age had been determined to be 5 million years. France and Portugal have also contributed valuable data to the everlasting search of traces of human existence.
Human remains have been found there ranging from 5 to 25 million years old. In 1979 archaeologist Fili discovered several prints of human feet imprinted on a 4 million year-old volcanic lava. The most exhaustive research has indicated that those prints belong to humans, not apes. As it is known all apes or ape-like creatures have elongated toes.
Some anthropologists, while being skeptical to dismiss Darwin-s theory of evolution, claim that those prints might have belonged to apes with clenched toes. Perhaps, this was the apes way of joking with humans. Who knows?
Another discovery of a calcified human footprint has been found in Turkmenia. Its age leads us all the way back to 150 million years, to the Mesozoic period, and ultimately to the time of dinosaurs. Can it be possible that humans inhabited this planet along with such monstrous creatures? Yes.
Russian scientists however claim that a single footprint is not enough to force rethinking of existing theories of human existence and to come up with something radically novel. But what about an entire chain of footprints found near Carson, Nevada? Those are incredibly precise and clear prints doubtlessly left by a human. Their size is gigantic. Their age is 213-248 million years.
It is not hard to conclude therefore that such a discovery cannot possibly go hand in hand with today’s preconceived notions.
OTHER GIANT PEOPLE—Similar giant human footprints have been found in Arizona, near Mount Whitney in California, near White Sands, New Mexico, and other placesSimilar giant human footprints have been found in Arizona, near Mount Whitney in California, near White Sands, New Mexico, and other places. But, in addition, several other giant human footprints—and even skeletal remains—have been found.
At White Sands, New Mexico, a prehistoric giant walked across a drying lakebed, leaving sandaled feet tracks, with each track approximately 22 inches [55.8 cm] in length.
“The remains of giants were found in Java, twice the size of gorillas, and later the petrified remains of a giant were found in South Africa and reported by the world-renowned anthropologist, Robert Broom. [Based on those finds] Dr. Franz Weidenreich (1946) propounded a new theory to the effect that man’s ancestors were actually giants.
Dr. Burdick also tells about one of the unsolved mysteries of the Great White Sands National Monument near Alamogordo, New Mexico. Here is an area of about 175 acres consisting of alabaster, white as snow. It is believed that this gypsum was precipitated as arid winds dried up an inland sea.
As this muddy sediment was beginning to harden, some prehistoric giant apparently walked across the drying lakebed, leaving a series of tracks made by sandaled feet. There are 13 human tracks, each track approximately 22 inches [55.8] long and from 8 to 10 inches [20.32-25.4 cm] wide. The stride is from four to five feet [121.9-152.4 cm].”—H.R. Siegler Evolution or Degeneration: Which? (1972), p. 83. Ancient Man
Many scientists have proved the existence of remains of human-like creatures. Such finds constitute that giant people might have easily been our ancestors existing during the same era with gigantic creatures.
A time will come when we will finally accept a possibility of the existence of giants on this planet. Anatolii Vasilev, “Kontinent” , PRAVDA
The Patagonian Giants
Of Interest here is not so much the height of the then current inhabitants of the Island, who are believed to have been tall but were probably not giants. However, there were as we’ve seen in other places quite a few stories about finding extremely large skeletons of previous inhabitants.
The first europeans to sail along the patagonian costs were Ferdinand of Magallanes and his crew in 1520. Their first meeting with the aborigins (Tehuelches) was recorded by Antonio Pigafetta, the chronicler of the expedition, in a by now famous passage:
“One day, when no one was expecting it, we saw a giant, completely naked, by the sea. He danced and jumped and, singing, spread sand and dust over his head…He was so tall that the tallest among us reached only to his waist. He was truly well built…The captain named these kind of people Pataghoni. They have no houses but huts, like the Egyptians.
They live on raw meat and eat a kind of sweet root which they call capac. The two giants we had on board ship ate their way through a large basket of biscuits, and ate rats without skinning them. They used to drink a half bucket of water at once.
Photo: Left On the picture on the left you can see the “giants” depicted in the tip of South America on a map of 1562 . It is a common belief that the name Patagons alluded to the apparently outstanding foot size of the Tehuelches.
Center is an engraving from the cover of “A Voyage round the World, in his Majesty’s ship the Dolphin, commanded by the Hon. Comm. Byron, 1767” and reads: “A sailor giving a Patagonian woman a piece of bread for her baby.
On the right is a detail from another engraving of the period and shows soldiers unearthing a giant skeleton and slaying a large lion.
Shenandoah (Pa.) Evening Herald, August 1911:
FOSSILS FOUND IN MINE WORKINGS
A remarkable specimen of the “carboniferous era” has just been unearthed at a depth of fifteeen hundred feet in the underground workings of the Ellengowan colliery of the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company.
(Photo:Breaker Boys, Shenandoah, Penn)
The specimen is very beautiful and is highly prized by Inside Foreman Gwillym Jones who retained it as a curio. Miners at the face of one of the blasts discovered a large piece of slate with impressions of leaves and ferns deeply imbedded therein.
The surface covered by these markings was five feet in length and of nearly the same width. After considerable labor, in which care was taken that the piece might be take out in its entirely, the workmen succeeded in their task.
Several small pieces only were broken from the formation which was presented to those who took the slate from its natural bed.
Quite a number of curios have already been taken from these workings. Several years ago a bunch of grapes, almost perfectly formed, was taken from this colliery. A trunk of a tree and a portion of a petrified snake were also found.
One of the most interesting finds was that in which was perfectly formed the outlines of a human leg and, judging from the size, the owner of the member must have been a giant in stature. A number of these finds are on exhibition at the offices of Division Superintendent McDonald and Inside Foreman Jones. They are objects of much curiosity.
There are several things of interest in this story besides the alledged giant, fossil man. There should not have been bones of a man-or even a dinosaur of any size in coal deposits.
Hazleton Penn. Sentinel, August 1881
(Photo:Coal miners pose for a photograph just before descending into a mine in Hazelton, in eastern Pennsylvania.)
About three miles from Ashley, a Mr. McCauley has the contract from the Wilkes-Barre Coal & Iron Co. for sinking a coal shaft.
It is twenty feet square and is intended to have two tracks for carriages to run in hoisting up the coal, and is said to be the largest opening of the kind in the coal regions.
It is located near the base of the mountain and has reached a depth of 475 feet.
Saturday last, when the gang, or what is known as the second shift of men, were about retiring, after firing off a course of holes, Tom Cassidy, the foreman, descended the shaft to ascertain the result of the explosion, and was astonished to find an immense cavity in one of the sides of the shaft.
The explosion appeared to have a terrible effect and caused more damage than benefit on one side, but his astonishment was still greater increased on clearing away some of the refuse of the rock blown by the shots to discover a solid mass of rock in which appears a clearly-defined human shape of giant proportions.
All the limbs, muscles and linaments are apparent. The rock is about 16 feet in length, 18 in breadth, and about 8 in thickness. The dimensions of the human frame are giantly, measuring 12 feet in length and 4 feet across the chest.
Across the breast is the impression of a huge shield, about four feet in circumference, while the right hand clutches the broken and butt end of a large cutlass or sword.
The rock was taken out whole and is now in possession of Mr. McCauley in Ashley.
Source:Newspapers cited above. Articles provided by Edconrad.com
• Ivan T. Sanderson, a well-known zoologist and frequent guest on Johnny Carson’s TONIGHT SHOW in the 1960s (usually with an exotic animal with a pangolin or a lemur), once related a curious story about a letter he received regarding an engineer who was stationed on the Aleutian island of Shemya during World War II.
While building an airstrip, his crew bulldozed a group of hills and discovered under several sedimentary layers what appeared to be human remains.
The Alaskan mound was in fact a graveyard of gigantic human remains, consisting of crania and long leg bones. The crania measured from 22 to 24 inches from base to crown. Since an adult skull normally measures about eight inches from back to front, such a large crania would imply an immense size for a normally proportioned human.
Furthermore, every skull was said to have been neatly trepanned (a process of cutting a hole in the upper portion of the skull).
• In his book, The Natural and Aboriginal History of Tennessee, author John Haywood describes “very large” bones in stone graves found in Williamson County, Tennessee, in 1821. In White County, Tennessee, an “ancient fortification” contained skeletons of gigantic stature averaging at least 7 feet in length.
• Giant skeletons were found in the mid-1800s near Rutland and Rodman, New York. J.N. DeHart, M.D. found vertebrae “larger than those of the present type” in Wisconsin mounds in 1876. W.H.R. Lykins uncovered skull bones “of great size and thickness” in mounds of Kansas City area in 1877.
• George W. Hill, M.D., dug out a skeleton “of unusual size” in a mound of Ashland County, Ohio. In 1879, a nine-foot, eight-inch skeleton was excavated from a mound near Brewersville, Indiana(Indianapolis News, Nov 10, 1975)
• A six foot, six inch skeleton was found in a Utah mound. This was at least a foot taller than the average Indian height in the area, and these natives- what few there were of them -were not mound builders.
• “A skeleton which is reported to have been of enormous dimensions” was found in a clay coffin, with a sandstone slab containing hieroglyphics, during mound explorations by a Dr Everhart near Zanesville, Ohio.(American Antiquarian,1880)
• Ten skeletons “of both sexes and of gigantic size” were taken from a mound at Warren, Minnesota, 1883. (St. Paul Pioneer Press, May 23, 1883)
• A skeleton 7 feet 6 inches long was found in a massive stone structure that was likened to a temple chamber within a mound in Kanawha County, West Virginia, in 1884. (American Antiquarian, v6, 1884 133f. Cyrus Thomas, Report on Mound Explorations of the Bureau of Ethnology, 12th Annual Report, Smithsonian Bureau of Ethnology, 1890-91)
• A large mound near Gasterville, Pennsylvania, contained a vault in which was found a skeleton measuring 7 feet 2 inches. Inscriptions were carved on the vault. (American Antiquarian, v7, 1885, 52f)
• In 1885, miners discovered the mummified remains of woman measuring 6 feet 8 inches tall holding an infant. The mummies were found in a cave behind a wall of rock in the Yosemite Valley.
• In Minnesota, 1888, were discovered remains of seven skeletons 7 to 8 feet tall. (St. Paul Pioneer Press, June 29, 1888)
• A mound near Toledo, Ohio, held 20 skeletons, seated and facing east with jaws and teeth “twice as large as those of present day people,” and besides each was a large bowl with “curiously wrought hieroglyphic figures.” (Chicago Record, Oct. 24, 1895; cited by Ron G. Dobbins, NEARA Journal, v13, fall 1978)
• The skeleton of a huge man was uncovered at the Beckley farm, Lake Koronis, Minnesota; while at Moose Island and Pine City, bones of other giants came to light. (St. Paul Globe, Aug. 12, 1896)
• In 1911, several red-haired mummies ranging from 6 and a half feet to 8 feet tall were discovered in a cave in Lovelock, Nevada. In February and June of 1931, large skeletons were found in the Humboldt lake bed near Lovelock, Nevada.
The first of these two skeletons found measured 8 1/2 feet tall and appeared to have been wrapped in a gum-covered fabric similar to the Egyptian manner. The second skeleton was almost 10 feet long.(Review – Miner, June 19, 1931)
• A 7 foot 7 inch skeleton was reported to have been found on the Friedman ranch, near Lovelock, Nevada, in 1939.(Review – Miner, Sept. 29, 1939)
• In 1965, a skeleton measuring 8 feet 9 inches was found buried under a rock ledge along the Holly Creek in east-central Kentucky
• Bathurst, Australia… In fossil in the 1930’s deposits found around Bathurst from a depth of 6 feet below the surface a fossil lower back molae tooth was found. The owner would have been at least 25 ft. tall.
Also found were huge stone artifacts — clubs, pounders, adzes, chisels, knives and hand axes all of tremendous weight, scattered over a wide area weighing from 8 to 25 pounds, implements which only men of tremendous proportions could possibly have made and used. Estimates for the actual size of these men range from 10 to 12 feet tall and over, weighing from 500 to 600 lbs.
• At Gympie, Queensland, a large fragment of the back portion of a jaw which still possessed the hollow for a missing lower back molar tooth was discovered. The owner of the tooth would have stood at 10 feet tall.
• Blue Mountain In the Megalong Valley in the Blue Mountains NSW, a depression found in ironstone protruding from a creek bank was the deeply impressed print of a large human-like foot. This footprint measures 7 inches across the toes. Had the footprint been complete it would have been at least 2 feet in length, appropriate to a 12 foot human. The largest footprint found on the Blue Mountains must have belonged to a man 20 feet tall! • Mulgoa A set of 3 huge footprints was discovered near Mulgoa, south of Penrith, N.S.W. The prints, each measuring 2 ft 7 inches across the toes, are 6 ft. apart, indicating the stride of the 12 ft. giant who left them.
• Macleay River Noel Reeves found near Kempsey, N.S.W. monstrous footprints were discovered in sandstone beds on the Upper Macleay River. One print shows toe 4 inches long and the total toe-span is 10 inches suggesting that the owner of the print may have been 17 feet tall.
Source: Karl Shakur